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2020 Federal Tax Rates, Brackets, & Standard Deductions

IRS Tax Tables & Deduction Amounts for Tax Year 2020

This article gives you the tax rates and related numbers that you will need to prepare your 2020 income tax return. In general, 2020 personal income tax returns are due by April 15, 2021.

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2020 Individual Income Tax Brackets

Las categorías fiscales federales se dividen en siete (7) grupos de ingresos gravables, basados en su estatus de declaración. The tax rates for 2020 are: 10%, 12%, 22%, 24%, 32%, 35%, and 37%.

It’s important to remember that moving up into a higher tax bracket does not mean that all of your income will be taxed at the higher rate. Only the money you earn within a particular bracket is subject to the corresponding tax rate.

Éstas son las categorías fiscales para cada estatus de declaración:

Solteros

Ingreso gravable Tasa de impuesto
$0 to $9,875 10%
$9,876 – $40,125 $987.50 + 12% of the amount over $9,875
$40,126 – $85,525 $4,617.50 + 22% of the amount over $40,125
$85,526 – $163,300 $14,605.50 + 24% of the amount over $85,525
$163,301 – $207,350 $33,271.50 + 32% of the amount over $163,300
$207,351 – $518,400 $47,367.50 + 35% of the amount over $207,350
$518,400 or more $156,235 + 37% of the amount over $518,400

Casados que presentan una declaración conjunta o viudos que cumplen los requisitos

Ingreso gravable Tasa de impuesto
$0 – $19,750 10%
$19,751 – $80,250 $1,975 + 12% of the amount over $19,750
$80,251 – $171,050 $9,235 + 22% of the amount over $80,250
$171,051 – $326,600 $29,211 + 24% of the amount over $171,050
$326,601 – $414,700 $66,543 + 32% of the amount over $326,600
$414,701 – $622,050 $94,735 + 35% of the amount over $414,700
$622,051 or more $167,307.50 + 37% of the amount over $622,050

Casados que declaran por separado

Ingreso gravable Tasa de impuesto
$0 – $9,875 10%
$9,876 – $40,125 $987.50 + 12% of the amount over $9,875
$40,126 – $85,525 $4,617.50 + 22% of the amount over $40,125
$85,526 – $163,300 $14,605.50 + 24% of the amount over $85,525
$163,301 – $207,350 $33,271.50 + 32% of the amount of $163,300
$207,351 – $518,400 $47,367.50 + 35% of the amount over $207,350
$518,401 or more $156,235 + 37% of the amount over $518,400

Cabeza del hogar

Ingreso gravable Tasa de impuesto
$0 – $14,100 10%
$14,101 – $53,700 $1,410 + 12% of the amount over $14,100
$53,701 – $85,500 $6,162 + 22% of the amount over $53,700
$85,501 – $163,300 $13,158 + 24% of the amount over $85,500
$163,301 – $207,350 $31,830 + 32% of the amount over $163,300
$207,351 – $518,400 $45,926 + 35% of the amount over $207,350
$518,401 or more $154,793.50 + 37% of the amount over $518,400

NOTE: There are no personal exemption amounts for 2020.

2020 Standard Deduction Amounts

There are two main types of deducciones fiscales: the standard deduction and itemized deductions. The IRS allows you to claim one type of tax deduction, but not both.

Tax deductions lower your taxable income. They are subtracted from your Adjusted Gross Income (AGI).

Here are the 2020 standard deductions amounts for each filing status:

Estatus de declaración Standard Deduction
Solteros $12,400
Casados que presentan una declaración conjunta o viudos que cumplen los requisitos $24,800
Casados que declaran por separado $12,400
Cabeza del hogar $18,650

There is an additional standard deduction of $1,300 for taxpayers who are over age 65 or blind. The amount of the additional standard deduction increases to $1,650 for taxpayers who are unmarried.

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